Osteoporosis and osteopenia are health conditions marked by decreased bone mass and
microarchitectural deterioration of bone tissue resulting in less bone tension and strength
and increased risk of fragility fracture. They are on a continuum.
Bone geometry, microarchitecture, and size are the factors influencing the ability of bone
to withstand trauma. 75%–90% of variance in bone strength is related to bone mineral
density (BMD). Bone strength is determined by the integration of bone density and bone quality.
What kind of fractures does osteoporosis and osteopenia contribute to?
Because Osteoporosis and Osteopenia are systemic, all bones are affected. But the major fractures of concern are vertebral fractures (spine), wrist fractures, and hip fractures because they can cause more long-term health consequences.
Hip fracture is one of the seriously occurring osteoporotic fractures resulting in disability, diminished quality of life, and a higher rate of mortality. Hip fractures are associated with an 8%–36% excess mortality (death rate) within 1 year, with higher mortality in men than in women.
So, it is important to PREVENT fractures as much as possible.